Plaza de la Constitución (El Zócalo)

The National Palace in Mexico City is located in the city’s main square, Plaza de la Constitución and is a striking monument both inside and outside. The palace which stands today is not in fact the original as it was destroyed by fires in 1659 and 1692 and so it had to be rebuilt.

The building as we see it today is used as the seat for the president of Mexico, as well as the office of the Secretary of Finance. Within the walls of this huge building, there are famous murals painted by Diego Rivera between 1929 and 1935, a tribute to Benito Juárez and the popular gallery of presidents.

Apart from the impressive murals which display indigenous life before the Conquest and Rivera’s murals of Mexican civilisation after the arrival of the Quetzalcoatl god, there is a famous bell called the Campana de Dolores which hangs at the entrance of the building and was rung at start the Mexican War of Independence in 1810.

Mexico City Travel Guide

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